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Geography and maps

Subcollection of maps of America

Quebec (Canada) (Province). General maps. 1788

Quebec (Canada) (Province). General maps. 1788

The subcollection of maps of America comprises maps, plans and sea charts - manuscripts and printed - and maps of geographical discoveries, borders, first settlements and the creation of infrastructures (communications, railways, telegraphs, etc.) from 16th to the 19th centuries.

Maps that describe and show the whole of the American continent under the rule of European states, mainly Spain, Portugal, France and England. The subject matter is highly varied and ranges from the discovery and conquest of America to the creation of modern states.

Some of the most interesting are the series of maps that show the entire American continent, the maps of North America and the United States, which include the states that belonged to Spain until 1819, such as Florida, California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Maps of Mexico and the continental countries of Central America with their island territories. These maps show all the islands of the Caribbean, the Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti and Puerto Rico. Maps of all South America and which show the different South American countries and their island territories.

Many of these maps are from collections such as those of Mendoza and Tomás López as well as the manuscript maps collection. They are a vital research resource for the study of American history and its development.