Legal deposit

The legal deposit is the obligation imposed by law or other administrative rule, to deposit for one or more libraries copies of publications issued in a country.

Legal deposit is objectivet he collection of cultural and intellectual heritage of each country in order to make it available to citizens. This is, therefore, an environment that guarantees the preservation of the total and must be seen as a democratic well it ensures the citizens of today, and future generations, access to the intellectual legacy for information and research.

In spain background legal deposit to 1616 goes back to the library of El Escorial and 1716 for the Royal Library of Madrid, today, Biblioteca Nacional de españa.

The complete organization legal deposit for spain was carried out through the service regulations adopted by The Legal Deposit Decree of 23 december 1957 (PDF) (BOE n. 17, of 20.1.58). This rule, developed by a team of librarians, is among the most advanced of his time in the range of materials subject to legal deposit and on the deposit of other documents that may exist in the future. With the number of legal deposit and the administrative system developed for their control,the legal deposit offices, it became possible for the first time an effective implementation of the legal deposit.

On 30 july, is published in the ELECTRONIC COMMERCE "). Act 23/2011, the legal deposit. This new law, the result of a great deal of agreement librarian responds to the need to adapt the compilation of bibliographic heritage and its conservation and difusión- on changes in the world of publishing as a result of new technologies and, in particular, to the publications in red. The Act also responds to the need to bring the legal practice the state of the communities both in their collections and the distribution of competences between them and the BNE. Moreover, the act maintains the legal deposit management through the legal deposit officesunder the Autonomous Communities because of their effectiveness is clearly demonstrated.

Are the subject of legal deposit, all the works of literature, recordings, visual, audio-visual and digital, produced or edited in Spain, by any method of production, publication or dissemination and distributed in any format, tangible or intangible.

There are two big new this law. On the one hand, the editor, absent as bailor, strange anomaly in a law legal deposit becomes the basic subject depositor. On the other, responds to the file of the web-based resources. The basis for the file of resources on the internet and for the tangible physical support is the same: to preserve and disseminate the bibliographical heritage in our case in addition, throughout its linguistic diversity.

On 10 july 2015 was adopted by the council of ministers Royal Decree regulating the legal deposit online publications. This royal decree develops law 23/2011, of 29 july, the legal deposit, which are considered by the first time subject to legal deposit websites and online publications.

The Law 8/2022, of 4 may, amending act 23/2011, of 29 july, the legal deposit updated and optimizes the previous version of the regulation to make it more adequate and effective in the dynamic and changing scenario of cultural creation and current publisher.

Between developments figures from the new act it is proposed that in the case of books, newspapers and magazines, the editor shall in addition to mandatory copies, a digital copy pre-printing of publications in physical support. Equally, the reform that have been fully incorporated the heritage born digital hitherto regulated by royal decree of legal deposit online publications by 2015.

Another major development is the inclusion of video games in the different types of cultural creations. Soon understood within the audiovisual documents, will now have their own (for the deposit of the complete edition of this typology documentary. With regard to legal deposit online publications, the amendment of regulation aims to avoid confusion with regard to the obligation of the legal deposit and clarify that the initiative did not lie with the publishers and producers, but in the conservation centres.

The Law recognises and strengthens the role of the BNE as coordinator and adviser between centres and regional deposits, as well as its duty to monitor compliance with the regulations on legal deposit.


Documents / Links of interest