Games

The current collection held by the National Library of Spain (BNE) preserves copies of video games published in our country between 1983 and the present day.

Video games began to be included in the BNE's collection in the 1980s under the Legal Deposit Law, especially those accompanying other documents such as books or magazines. The Regulation of the Legal Deposit Service of 1957, which was in force until 2011, did not explicitly include the deposit of "video games," as could be expected given the time period, but its first article referring to the types of materials subject to deposit did include a clause that referred to printed works or sound recordings "made by any of the procedures or systems used currently or in the future." This forward-looking vision allowed for the inclusion of video games in our collections, with varying degrees of success starting from the 1980s.

 

In 2011, the legislation regarding Legal Deposit was updated with Law 23/2011. In it, the obligation for publishers to deposit, among other materials, was established:

  • n) electronic documents on any medium that the state of the art allows at any given time, and that are not freely accessible via the Internet.
  • ñ) websites that can be fixed or registered whose content may vary over time and be capable of being copied at any given moment,

Although the deposit of video games was implicitly included in this formulation, the new Legal Deposit Law 8/2022, of May 4, which amends the previous law 23/2011, introduces as a novelty the explicit mention of the obligation for video game publishers to deposit them starting from the entry into force of the law on January 1, 2023.

At this moment, the National Library of Spain (BNE) has a collection of over a thousand cataloged video game copies, for which information is already available in its catalog.

Additionally, it has a large collection of documents published in Spain about video games available for consultation by users and researchers:

Where available