In the service of drawings and engravings there were a number of works with a physical characteristics and similar content, in 1991, become an integral Ephemera collection of the Biblioteca Nacional which has been supplemented in order to assemble a "extensive and varied range of pictorial developed with a specific purpose that their aim is to survive the timeliness of its message".

There were registered, and symbol of inventory (loose works), ER and BA (books), various collections of stickers, boxes of matches, calendars, posters, congratulations, and an interesting orlas (labels raisins and boxes of oranges from the late nineteenth century. It has found an extraordinary collection of several thousand boxes of matches of the most important brands of spanish and foreign factories, a great wealth in terms of quantity, thematic and techniques.

In addition, had brought in only a few years earlier, by purchase, a magnificent collection of cuban cigarreras marquillas and another for congratulation, reminders and business cards. The Assembly were identified and transferred a number of boxes containing printed brochures and flyers, from the old Room of Several, some of them illustrated (menus, price lists, itineraries, etc.). On the other hand were located and transferred several collections of previous tear-off year 1950 deposited so far in the section in the Literature.

Throughout these years has been applied to the purchase of collections of Ephemera including: a collection of labels of cigars, called "" allotments, other labels of drinks, both belonging to a time period between 1880 and 1930; a collection of advertising paipais 40-50 years; and a smaller number of packets of cigarettes of. They have subsequently purchased several collections of stickers of Apeles Mestres, two Albums of christmas greetings of offices, other invitations, programmes and driving dance and a considerable number of cards with publicity of pharmaceutical products of the 1930s, 40 and 50 of the twentieth century.

Also important are the donations received such as tear-off a collection of the early twentieth century, an album of labels of condensed milk for the time of the spanish Civil war, a teatrito and other games on cardboard, devotional prints, boxes of matches, cards and labels, etc. More recently received major gifts contemporary printed materials.

In 2003 it issued the catalogue "Ephemera. Life on" role which unites around 80 000 works ordered according to the different types of materials. The catalogue provides all the information for each of them: relations of content, theme, technical, illustrators, editors, workshops, brands, factories and manufacturers of products and commercial establishments, enterprises and businesses, etc.

The Collection of Ephemera of the Biblioteca Nacional meeting approximately one hundred thousand images that offer a wide variety in terms of various technical and thematic. Chronologically occurred within a period between the mid-nineteenth century and mid-twentieth century. The classification of different materials has been made based on the content and, so far includes: congratulations, reminders and other devotional prints, invitations, programmes, cards and offers of dance orchestras, yearbooks, pocket calendars, posters, paipais labels and packaging of commercial products (tobacco, alcoholic, perfumes and cosmetics, food etc.), stickers, postcards and games such as tear-off and theatres. These materials have been incorporated new collections of cards, cards of scales, invoices and role of charter, points of reading, product labels, etc.

Among the highlights some of the best spanish amateur in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: Eusebio Planas, Tomás Gaspar, Apeles Mestres, ramón Casas, Ricardo Opisso, Gaspar Camps, Luis Labarta, Juan García Junceda, Alejandro de Riquer, josé Cusachs, Carlos Ruano Llopis, Arturo Mélida, Manuel Tovar, Jaime Pahissa, josé Pla Narbona, José Segrelles, etc.

With regard to thematic abound portraits, cartoons, allegoric figures and mythological personages, religious, historical scenes, illustrated, reproductions of paintings, views and scenery, transport, etc.



Due to gender disparity and historical richness documentary ephemeral graphic materials are some of the main Ephemera collections of the BNE grouped into five sections in response to the purpose for which these documents were produced. However, it should be noted that on many occasions, the same type of material meets more than a purpose. It Is the case of stickers with the mark of the advertiser overleaf as an advertising and that, in addition to fulfilling its main function of chiado and serve as a game at the same time, included all sorts of reasons with which the manufacturer incorporates a clear intention didactic and outreach. The same applies to the packaging and labels designed by graphic illustrators to decorate all kinds of packaging at the same time provide information on the content, quality and properties of a product, the instructions of use, stockpiles, offers and much more.


Private events

There are official in Ephemera with a well-defined: report on certain celebrations private normally nature.

Automóviles Citroën. V Exposición Internacional del Automóvil, del Ciclo y Sports
Vehicles of written messages

Congratulations, papers charter flowing orlas, invoices and commercial letters and postcards belonging to the collection of Ephemera of bibliography fulfil their role as a means of transmission of a written message.

[Tarjetas y prospectos de productos y establecimientos comerciales.. Varias figuras]
Advertising medium

An advertising of all kinds of products and commercial establishments

[Etiquetas de alimentos.. Galletas y dulces]
Decorative purposes

The BNE retains a label proves excellent products consumed in the early decades of the twentieth century, such as canned fruit, sweets, spices, drinks, tobacco, weaving, cleaning products, print, etc.

Escarpolette de jardin avec 4 groupes variés d'enfants
Payful and entertainment purposes

As an example of games creation on paper for the more pure entertainment are magnificent collections that retains the BNE cutout of cards, and theatres.

Where available

Publications and bibliography